According to the World Health Organization’s (WHO) latest reports, the novel coronavirus has claimed 132* lives and infected 5997* people in China.
The virus whose spread began within the city of Wuhan (China) has not only expanded to other cities across China but has also spread worldwide. With 68* cases reported from a minimum of 15* countries, the planet.
Health Organization has advised people to follow precautionary measures to stop falling prey to the present virus. Before we share the ideas to stop novel coronavirus, here are a number of the common facts about the deadly virus you would like to understand.
What is the 2019 novel coronavirus?
The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) may be a new virus that causes respiratory illnesses, starting from cold to acute respiratory syndrome. It can spread from person-to-person and be first identified within the 1st week of January 2020 during an investigation into an epidemic in Wuhan, China. It belongs to the family of viruses like SARS and MERS.
Where did it originate?
Coronaviruses are an outsized family of viruses that may cause illnesses in animals like camels, cattle, cats, and bats. almost like MERS and SARS, these coronaviruses can rarely infect people then spread between people. Numerous studies in China report a link to an animal market within the city of Wuhan where the virus is suspected to possess emerged from an animal source during this market.
Are people outside China in danger of 2019-nCoV?
Although the virus originated during a small city in China, it’s now rapidly spreading across the whole country. Moreover, several cases are reported in 15 countries outside China like the US, Australia, Thailand, Japan, Nepal, France, and Sri Lanka. consistent with data from the WHO as on 29th Jan 2020*, 68 cases are confirmed in 15 countries outside China which takes the worldwide count to 6065. WHO has assessed 2019-nCoV as high risk across the world with China being at really high risk.
How is coronavirus transmitted?
According to WHO and CDC, the opposite coronavirus (Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), spread through respiratory route via droplets which may be transmitted through a sneeze or cough. this means that the mode of transmission of the novel coronavirus could be similar. Hence, transmission between people can occur through droplets, by coming in close contact with the patient or by sharing objects of private use.
However, the precise mode of transmission of the 2019 novel coronavirus isn’t known. Initially, it had been suggested that the virus may need to spread from animal to person. But, with the increasing number of cases in people that weren’t exposed to an animal market, it’s believed that person-to-person transmission is additionally possible. because the data is restricted, there’s no clear picture of how easily the virus spreads between people. Also, the very fact that this new strain of the coronavirus is novel to humans, the knowledge associated with its signs, modes of transmission and therefore the source of infection is extremely limited.
What are the signs and symptoms of coronavirus?
According to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the patients affected by 2019-nCoV have reported symptoms of mild to severe respiratory illnesses such as:
- Shortness of breath
- Diarrhea and vomiting, in some cases
- In severe cases, pneumonia in both the lungs is additionally seen (the WHO was alerted following severe cases of pneumonia in Wuhan which cause the identification of the 2019 n-CoV), which may eventually prove fatal. The symptoms are mostly almost like flu and flu-like diseases caused by other respiratory viruses.
Should people with no symptoms be worried?
CDC estimates that the time period of 2019-to might range from 2-14 days. the time period is the time between the exposure to the virus and therefore the appearance of the symptoms. Sadly, there’s no information if the infection can spread during the time period. But, to get on the safer side, WHO has advised people that are sick or are affected by respiratory illnesses to occupy home and take sufficient rest.
- Cover your mouth with a tissue once you sneeze or cough
- Sneeze into your elbow if you don’t have access to tissue/handkerchief
- Discard used tissues during a bin
- Clean your hands after sneezing/coughing
- Disinfect objects/surfaces you touch
- Seek medical attention just in case of fever, cough or difficulty in breathing
How does one differentiate between normal flu and coronavirus symptoms?
If someone comes with a respiratory illness, it’s very difficult to differentiate between flu and coronavirus by just watching the symptoms. this is often the rationale that creates diagnosis important. Your doctor may recommend lab tests (such as sputum and/or throat swab) to detect the virus and know if the symptoms are thanks to influenza virus, coronavirus or other respiratory viruses.
How is that the new coronavirus treated?
As of 29th Jan 2020, there’s no specific medicine recommended to stop or treat the virus. The treatment in people infected with the coronavirus is aimed toward relieving the symptoms and providing supportive care to the patient.
Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating the 2019-nCoV?
No, antibiotics work only against bacteria and not against viruses. As 2019-nCoV may be a virus infection, antibiotics shouldn’t be used as a way of prevention or treatment.
Does the novel coronavirus affect only older people?
There are reports of teenagers, young adults and older people falling prey to the new coronavirus in China. So, it goes without saying that folks of all ages are often infected by the novel virus. However, older people & those with pre-existing medical conditions could be more susceptible to suffer from an infection and become severely ill.
Can pets reception spread the 2019-nCoV?
At present, there’s no evidence that pets like dogs and cats can get infected with the virus and cause the transmission to humans. However, it’s always knowing to wash your hands with soap and water after contact with pets to lower the danger of infection.
Is there a vaccine for coronavirus?
There is currently no vaccine to guard against 2019-nCoV*. the simplest thanks to staying protected and stop coronavirus infection is to follow proper hygiene and stand back from people affected by the condition.
Has anyone in India been infected with coronavirus?
According to a press release released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), India on 30th Jan 2020, one positive case of the novel coronavirus has been reported in Kerala. The patient was a student at Wuhan University and is kept in isolation during a hospital in Kerala. The condition of the patient is stable and his health is being closely monitored.
Should I be worried about 2019-nCoV being in India?
The Indian Government has released an advisory for people traveling from China and has found out thermal screening counters in the least International airports across the country. However, we should always follow everyday prevention tips to get on a safer side to assist prevent the spread of respiratory viruses because the virus can spread from a diseased person via respiratory droplets and shut contact.
What am I able to do to guard myself against coronavirus?
These few simple everyday preventive actions can help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, including the 2019-nCoV.
- Avoid close contact with people that are sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for a minimum of 20 seconds.
- If soap and water aren’t available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Stay home once you are sick, but consult a doctor if you’ve got a fever, cough or breathing difficulty.
- Cover your mouth or nose with a tissue once you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash.
- If you wear a mask, confirm it covers your mouth and nose and avoid touching it once it’s on.
- Always discard one use mask after each use and wash your hands after removing it.
- If you’ve got traveled to China since January 1, 2020, and you’ve got a fever, cough, or breathing difficulties, seek urgent medical attention and do inform your doctor about the travel history.
What is the Indian Government doing to stop coronavirus?
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), Government of India has issued a helpline number (11-23978046) to hunt any help or solve any query associated with coronavirus. the govt has also appealed to passengers who have traveled to China since 1st January 2020, to please come to the fore for self-reporting to the decision center and visit the closest clinic if experiencing fever, cough or breathing difficulties, and also inform their doctor about the travel history.